||SB-271046 produces an increase in seizure threshold over a wide-dose range in the rat maximal electroshock seizure threshold (MEST) test, with a minimum effective dose of 0.1 mg/kg p.o. and maximum effect at 4 hours post-dose. The level of anticonvulsant activity achieves correlated well with the blood concentrations of SB-271046 (EC50 of 0.16 μM) and brain concentrations of 0.01 μM–0.04 μM at Cmax.  SB-271046 is moderately brain penetrant (10%), subject to low blood clearance (7.7 mL/min/kg) with a good half-life in rats (4.8 hours), and has excellent oral bioavailability (>80%).  SB-271046 produces 3-fold and 2-fold increases in extracellular glutamate levels in both frontal cortex and dorsal hippocampus of rats, respectively, which may be used for the treatment of cognitive and memory dysfunction.  SB-271046 (20 mg/kg, orally gavage) 30 min prior to training Wistar rats, is found to reverse significantly the amnesia produced by administering scopolamine (0.8 mg/kg, i.p.) in the 6 hours post-training period. SB-271046 progressively and significantly decreases platform swim angle and escape latencies over the five sequential trials on four consecutive daily sessions compared to vehicle-treated controls in aged rats. SB-271046 also improves task recall as measured by significant increases in the searching of the target quadrant on post-training days 1 and 3.  SB-271046 (10 mg/kg, s.c.) produces a significant, tetrodotoxin-dependent, increase in extracellular levels of both glutamate and aspartate within the frontal cortex of rats, reaching maximum values of 375.4% and 215.3% of preinjection values, respectively.