Tivantinib (ARQ 197) 化学構造
分子量: 369.42

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製品情報

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  • 研究分野

製品の説明

生物活性

情報 Tivantinib (ARQ 197)は、小説と選択的な人間のc-Met受容体型チロシンキナーゼ阻害剤で、 IC50 が0.1 μM。
目標 c-Met
IC50 0.355 μM (Ki) [1]
In vitro試験 ARQ-197 has been shown to prevent HGF/c-met induced cellular responses in vitro. ARQ-197 possesses antitumor activity; inhibiting proliferation of A549, DBTRG and NCI-H441 cells with IC50 of 0.38, 0.45, 0.29 μM. Treatment with ARQ-197 results in a decrease in phosphorylation of the MAPK signaling cascade and prevention of invasion and migration. In addition, ectopic expression of c-Met in NCI-H661, a cell line having no endogenous expression of c-Met, causes it to acquire an invasive phenotype that is also suppressed by ARQ-197. Although the addition of increasing concentrations of ARQ-197 does not significantly affect the Km of ATP, exposure of c-Met to 0.5 μM ARQ-197 decreased the Vmax of c-Met by approximately 3-fold. The ability of ARQ-197 to decrease the Vmax without affecting the Km of ATP confirmed that ARQ-197 inhibits c-Met through a non–ATP-competitive mechanism and may therefore account for its high degree of kinase selectivity. ARQ-197 prevents human recombinant c-Met with a calculated inhibitory constant Ki of approximately 355 nM. Although the highest concentration of ATP used is 200 μM, the potency of ARQ-197 against c-Met is not reduced by using concentrations of ATP up to 1 mM. ARQ-197 blocks c-Met phosphorylation and downstream c-Met signaling pathways. ARQ-197 suppresses constitutive and ligand-mediated c-Met autophosphorylation and, by extension, c-Met activity, in turn leading to the inhibition of downstream c-Met effectors. ARQ-197 induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis is increased in c-Met–expressing human cancer cells including HT29, MKN-45, and MDA-MB-231 cells.[1][2]
In vivo試験 All three xenograft models treated with ARQ-197 display reductions in tumor growth: 66% in the HT29 model, 45% in the MKN-45 model, and 79% in the MDA-MB-231 model. In these xenograft studies, no significant body weight changes following oral administration of ARQ-197 at 200 mg/kg are observed. Pharmacodynamically, the phosphorylation of c-Met in human colon xenograft tumors (HT29) is strongly inhibited by ARQ-197, as assessed by a dramatic reduction of c-Met autophosphorylation 24 hours after a single oral dose of 200 mg/kg of ARQ-197. This same dosage in mice exhibits that tumor xenografts are exposed to sustained plasma levels of ARQ-197, consistent with the observed pharmacodynamic inhibition of c-Met phosphorylation and inhibition of proliferation of c-Met harboring cancer cell lines. Plasma levels of ARQ-197 10 hours after dosing are determined to be 1.3 μM, more than 3-fold above the biochemical inhibitory constant of ARQ-197 for c-Met. Therefore, ARQ-197 is able to suppress its target in vivo in the xenografted human tumor tissue. In conclusion, ARQ-197 inhibits the growth of c-Met-dependent xenografted human tumors.[1]
臨床試験 ARQ 197 plus erlotinib is currently in Phase III study in subjects with locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer who have received 1 or 2 prior systemic anti-cancer therapies.
特集 The first selective c-Met inhibitor to be advanced into human clinical trials.

推薦された実験操作 (公開の文献だけ)

キナーゼアッセイ: [1]

c-Met SDS-PAGE in vitro kinase assay Recombinant c-Met protein (100 ng) is preincubated with increasing concentrations of ARQ-197 for 30 minutes at room temperature. Following preincubation, 100 μM of poly-Glu-Tyr substrate and various concentrations of ATP containing 5 μCi of [γ-32P]ATP are added to the reaction mixture. The reaction is incubated for 5 minutes at room temperature and then stopped by the addition of 5 μL of SDS-polyacrylamide gel, reducing sample buffer. The samples are then loaded onto a 7.5% acrylamide gel and SDS-PAGE is performed. The phosphorylated poly-Glu-Tyr substrates are ultimately visualized by autoradiography. c-Met activity is quantified by densitometry.

細胞アッセイ: [1]

細胞系 T29, MKN-45 and MDA-MB-231 cells
濃度 0.03-10 μM
処理時間 24, 32, and 48 hours
方法 HT29, MKN-45, and MDA-MB-231 cells are seeded in black 96-well plates at 5 × 103 cells per well overnight in a medium with 10% FBS. The next day, cells are treated with increasing concentrations of ARQ-197 (0.03-10 μM) for 24, 32, and 48 hours at 37 °C. After ARQ-197 treatment, the drug-containing medium is removed and cells are incubated for at least 10 minutes in a labeling solution (10 mM HEPES, 140 mM NaCl, and 6 mM CaCl2) containing 2 μg/mL Hoescht 33342 (blue channel), 500-times diluted Annexin V-FITC (green channel), and 1 μg/mL propidium iodide (red channel). High-content image acquisition and analysis are carried out. The program is set to take four images per well. The exposure time is set at 16.7 ms/10% gain, 500 ms/35% gain, and 300 ms/30% gain for the 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, FITC, and rhodamine channels, respectively. Images are processed and the numbers of positive cells for each channel and each condition are determined. In addition, HT29 cells are treated with increasing concentrations of ARQ-197 for 32 hours in the absence or the presence of 25, 50, and 100 μM ZvAD-FMK (irreversible general caspase inhibitor), and the same procedures are undertaken. All experiments are done in triplicate. To determine whether the apoptotic effect is due to c-Met inhibition, the effect of ARQ-197 when glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and c-Met are knocked down using siRNA is investigated. HT29, MKN-45, and MDA-MB-231 cells are transfected with a nontargeted control siRNA, a gapgh-targeted control siRNA, or a met-targeted siRNA. After 3 days, c-Met, GAPDH, and β-actin expression levels are determined using specific antibodies. To determine if the effect is caspase dependent, HT29, MKN-45, and MDA-MB-231 cells are transfected with a met-targeted siRNA for 2 days and incubated in the absence or the presence of increasing concentrations of ZvAD-FMK for 1 additional day. A nontargeted siRNA and a gapgh-targeted siRNA (siRNA GAPDH) are also transfected in parallel, as controls. Cells are then stained with Annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide, and the percentage of apoptotic cells is determined.

動物実験: [1]

動物モデル Female athymic nude mice bearing HT29, MKN-45, or MDA-MB-231 tumor xenografts
製剤 In polyethylene glycol 400/20% Vitamin E tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (60:40) 30 mg/mL
投薬量 200 mg/kg
管理 Orally administered
Solubility 30% PEG400/0.5% Tween80/5% propylene glycol 30 mg/mL
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesBaboonDogMonkeyRabbitGuinea pigRatHamsterMouse
Weight (kg)121031.80.40.150.080.02
Body Surface Area (m2)0.60.50.240.150.050.0250.020.007
Km factor202012128653
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

参考

化学情報

Download Tivantinib (ARQ 197) SDF
分子量 369.42
化学式

C23H19N3O2

CAS No. 905854-02-6
保管 2年-20℃
6月-80℃in DMSO
別名
溶解度 (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 74 mg/mL (200.31 mM)
<1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
エタノール 12 mg/mL (32.48 mM)
In vivo 30% PEG400/0.5% Tween80/5% propylene glycol 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
化学名 (3R,4R)-3-(2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-6-yl)-4-(1H-indol-3-yl)pyrrolidine-2,5-dione

研究分野

カスタマーレビュー (1)


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Rating
Source Cell Signal, 2013, 25, 2652-2660. Tivantinib (ARQ 197) purchased from Selleck
Method luciferase assays
Cell Lines MDA-MB-231 cells
Concentrations 0.01-10 ng/mL
Incubation Time 24 h
Results HGF increased the transcriptional activity of 210 ETS-1 in a dose-dependent manner (A). The EC50 was 1.041 ±0.24 ng/mL, and the R 2 and p values were 0.97 and 0.0065, respectively. C-Met inhibitor ARQ-197 almost blocked ETS-1 activity induced by HGF at a concentration of 3 μmol/L. The IC50 was 0.21 ± 0.04 μmol/L, and the R 2 and p values were 0.96 and 0.0075, respectively (B).

製品表彰状 (2)

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