Alisertib (MLN8237) 化学構造
分子量: 518.92

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Quality Control & MSDS

製品情報

  • Combination Therapy
    併用療法
  • Compare Aurora Kinase Inhibitors
    Aurora Kinase阻害剤を比較
  • 研究分野

製品の説明

生物活性

情報 Alisertib (MLN8237)は、1.2nMのIC50による選択的なオーロラA阻害剤です。
目標 Aurora A
IC50 1.2 nM [1]
In vitro試験 MLN8237 shows >200-fold higher selectivity for Aurora A than the structurally related Aurora B with an IC50 of 396.5 nM, and does not have any significant activity against 205 other kinases. [1] MLN8237 (0.5 μM) treatment inhibits the phosphorylation of Aurora A in MM1.S and OPM1 cells, without affecting the Aurora B mediated histone H3 phosphorylation. MLN8237 significantly inhibits cell proliferation in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines with IC50 values of 0.003-1.71 μM. MLN8237 displays more potent anti-proliferation activity against primary MM cells and MM cell lines in the presence of BM stroma cells, as well as IL-6 and IGF-1 than against MM cells alone. MLN8237 (0.5 μM) induces 2- to 6-fold increase in G2/M phase in primary MM cells and cell lines, as well as significant apoptosis and senescence, involving the up-regulation of p53, p21 and p27, as well as PARP, caspase 3, and caspase 9 cleavage. In addition, MLN8237 shows strong synergistic anti-MM effect with dexamethasone, as well as additive effect with doxorubicin and bortezomib. [2] MLN8237 (0.5 μM) treatment causes the inhibition of colony formation of FLO-1, OE19, and OE33 esophageal adenocarinoma cell lines, and induces a significant increase in the percentage of polyploid cells, and subsequently an increase in the percentage of cells in the sub-G1 phase, which can be further enhanced in combination with cisplatin (2.5 μM), involving the higher induction of TAp73β, PUMA, NOXA, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved PARP as compared with a single-agent treatment. [3]
In vivo試験 MLN8237 significantly reduces the tumor burden with tumor growth inhibition (TGI) of 42% and 80% at 15 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg, respectively, and prolongs the survival of mice compared with the control. [2]
臨床試験 A Phase II study of MLN8237 for treatment of patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal carcinoma has been completed.
特集 First orally available inhibitor of Aurora A.

推薦された実験操作 (公開の文献だけ)

キナーゼアッセイ: [1]

Aurora A radioactive Flashplate enzyme assay Aurora A radioactive Flashplate enzyme assay is conducted to determine the nature and degree of MLN8237-mediated inhibition in vitro. Recombinant Aurora A is expressed in Sf9 cells and purified with GST affinity chromatography. The peptide substrate for Aurora A is conjugated with biotin (Biotin-GLRRASLG). Aurora A kinase (5 nM) is assayed in 50 mM Hepes (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 5 mM DTT, 0.05% Tween 20, 2 μM peptide substrate, 3.3 μCi/mL [γ-33P]ATP at 2 μM, and increasing concentrations of MLN8237 by using Image FlashPlates.

細胞アッセイ: [2]

細胞系 MM1.S, MM.1R, LR5, RPMI 8226, DOX40, OPM1, OPM2, INA6, and U266
濃度 Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~10 μM
処理時間 24, 48, and 72 hours
方法 Cells are exposed to various concentrations of MLN8237 for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Cells viability is measured using MTT assay, and cell proliferation is measured using 3[H]-thymidine incorporation. For cell cycle analysis, cells are permeabilized by 70% ethanol at -20 °C, and incubated with 50 μg/mL PI and 20 units/mL RNase-A. DNA content is analyzed by flow cytometry using BDFACS-Canto II and FlowJo software. For the detection of apoptosis and senescence, cells are stained with fluorescein isothiocyanate-annexin V and PI. Apoptotic cells are determined by flow cytometric analysis using BDFACS-Canto II and FlowJo software.

動物実験: [2]

動物モデル Severe combined immune-deficient (SCID) mice inoculated subcutaneously with MM1.S cells
製剤 Formulated in 10% 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin/1% sodium bicarbonate
投薬量 ~30 mg/kg/day
管理 Orally
Solubility 15% Captisol, 30 mg/mL
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesBaboonDogMonkeyRabbitGuinea pigRatHamsterMouse
Weight (kg)121031.80.40.150.080.02
Body Surface Area (m2)0.60.50.240.150.050.0250.020.007
Km factor202012128653
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km
Example

For example, to convert the dose of resveratrol used in a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on surface area for rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

参考

化学情報

Download Alisertib (MLN8237) SDF
分子量 518.92
化学式

C27H20ClFN4O4

CAS No. 1028486-01-2
保管 2年-20℃
6月-80℃in DMSO
別名
溶解度 (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 27 mg/mL (52 mM)
<1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
エタノール <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 15% Captisol, 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
化学名 Benzoic acid, 4-[[9-chloro-7-(2-fluoro-6-methoxyphenyl)-5H-pyrimido[5,4-d][2]benzazepin-2-yl]amino]-2-methoxy-

研究分野

カスタマーレビュー (8)


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Source EMBO reports, 2010, 11, 977-984. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method Immunoprecipitation, MS/MS analysis
Cell Lines HeLa cells
Concentrations 0.5 µM
Incubation Time 1 h
Results This phosphopeptide was absent in interphase cells and strongly reduced in mitotic cells treated with the inhibitor.

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Source ACS Chem Biol, 2010, 5, 563-576. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method Duplicate radiometric assays
Cell Lines
Concentrations 0.1-1000 nM
Incubation Time
Results These clinical stage compounds MLN8237 and MLN8254, which exhibit subtly different chemistry, display similar potency towards Aurora A in vitro.

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Source ACS Chem Biol, 2010, 5, 563-576. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method Colony assays
Cell Lines WT Aurora A-expressing cells
Concentrations 30 nM
Incubation Time 8 d
Results We find that a T217D/W277E double mutant does not induce cellular resistance to MLN8054 or MLN8237 in cells

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Source Oncogene. 2013 Aug 19. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method Western blot, time-lapse microscopy, flow cytometry
Cell Lines HeLa cells
Concentrations 6-1000 nM
Incubation Time 2 h,8 h,24 h,48 h
Results Alisertib inhibits AURKA and AURKB in a concentration-dependent manner.

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Source J Cell Biol, 2010, 191(7), 1315-32. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method DAPI staining
Cell Lines HeLa cells
Concentrations 10/20 nM
Incubation Time 15 min/24 h
Results Depletion of PPP6C resulted in a twofold increase in the pT288 form of Aurora A at prometaphase and metaphase spindles compared with control cells, and addition of 10 nM MLN8237 reversed this increase (Fig. A). Importantly, this partial Aurora A inhibition with 10 nM MLN8237 also reduced the micronucleation seen in PPP6C-depleted cells from 40 to 5% (Fig. B).

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Source J Biol Chem, 2012, 287(33), 27670-81. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method Immunofluorescence Microscopy
Cell Lines HeLa cells
Concentrations 100 nM
Incubation Time 2 h
Results The fluorescence intensity of the pT210 signal in the spindle poles was markedly decreasedin Fry-depleted cells. Exposure to MLN8237, a specific inhibitor of Aurora A, also abrogated the pT210 signal in the spindle poles.

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Source Mol Cancer, 2011, 10, 131. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method immunofluorescence
Cell Lines U2OS cells
Concentrations 20/50 nM
Incubation Time 4 h
Results MLN8237 treatment lasted 4 hours and yielded the induction of spindle abnormalities. Spindles with multiple poles represented 15-20 % of all PM/Ms in M LN8237-treated cultures, comparable to the occurrence in Aurora-Ai cultures. When MON was added, Eg5 was inhibited, and the generation of spindles with fragmented poles in MLN8237-treated cultures was abolished, with a parallel increase in mono polar figures.

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Rating
Source EMBO J, 2011, 30(5), 906-19. Alisertib (MLN8237) purchased from Selleck
Method immunofluorescence
Cell Lines HEK293 cells
Concentrations 0.3 μM
Incubation Time 40 min
Results Incubation of cells with the Aurora-A kinase inhibitor MLN8237 (0.3 μM) induced a change in the localisation of endogenous TACC3 and clathrin from the mitotic spindle to the cytoplasm.

製品表彰状 (27)

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